TOEFL Syllabus and Pattern | Courses, Subjects, Question Types and More


TOEFL Syllabus

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TOEFL Syllabus

TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language, and as the name suggests, it is an assessment of a candidate’s ability to comprehend, understand and communicate in the English language. In more than 100 countries, TOEFL is taken for studying abroad and other numbers of reasons. TOEFL iBt, the internet-based test, is the most widely taken of all. Before we dive into the syllabus for the TOEFL exam, here are some of the useful links:

TOEFL Syllabus

Now that you are familiar with the exam, here is all you need to know about TOEFL Syllabus:

TOEFL is made of four aspects of a spoken and written language, and they are called modules. The four modules of TOEFL are reading, listening, writing, and speaking cover the TOEFL test format for iBT online test. The TOEFL structure and syllabus for four of them is as follows.

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TOEFL Reading Syllabus

Reading is all about reading the passages and answering the questions asked. In reading, there will be 3-5 passages and there will be 12-14 questions in each passage to answer. The total no of questions to be answered will be 50 in the duration of 60-100 minutes. The score will be based on the correctness of each answer in each passage.


3 to 5 Passages: 12-14 Questions Asked

TOEFL Listening Syllabus

In listening, there will be two types of conversations that will be heard. One will be a short conversation and others will be a long conversation. In short conversations after a short conversation, there will 1 question that will be multiple-choice question having options to select from. While in a long conversation, there will be multiple questions to be answered. In listening there will two sections, which are as follows-


  • 4-5 lectures that will be 3-5 minutes long and will have 500-800 words with 6 question each and the total no of questions will be 30
  • 2- 3 conversations that will be for more than 3 minutes there will be 12-25 exchanges and there will be 5 questions each. The total no of questions will more than 40 and the time duration will be 60-90 minutes.

TOEFL Speaking Syllabus

If you want to score well in speaking you should try to fulfil all the requirements of the exam. One should try to avoid mistakes. The total no of questions will be 6 for speaking and the total duration will be 20 minutes. The division in speaking is as follows:-

  • In the first section, there will be 2 independent tasks. The preparation time for this task will be 15 seconds and the time to respond will be 45 seconds.
  • In the second section, there will be 2 integrated tasks. The task will be as follows read-listen-speak. The preparation time for this section will be 30 seconds and the response time will be 60 seconds.
  • In the last section, there will be 2 integrated tasks. The task will be as follows listen-speak. The preparation time for this task will be 20 seconds and the response time will be 60 seconds.

TOEFL Writing Syllabus

The essay should effectively address a topic. The response should be well-organised and well-developed using relevant explanations and detailed support. Furthermore, it should also display a unity of thought, steady progress and collective thoughts. Make sure your grammar is correct, but also do not be repetitive with sentence structure. Bring variety in sentence formation for higher scores.


(A) 1 integrated task

Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes)

(Reading time: 3 min; listening time: 2 min; Writing time: 15 min)

(B) 1 independent task (30 minutes)

Total no. of questions: 2

Total time: 50 minutes